How to write a good scientific paper?

What should be considered when creating a term paper, seminar paper, project work, bachelor thesis, master thesis, exam paper, doctoral thesis etc.? – Our tips directly from the ghostwriter!


Have you ever wondered that? Why all the stress, if not even a Nobel Prize jumps out of it? Every student who broods about his or her homework, semester work, bachelor’s or master’s thesis, wonders what all the stress should be. The answer is simple: On the one hand, such work is the proof of achievement for a course. As a reward beckons a ticket, points and / or a corresponding certificate. On the other hand, it is primarily about showing that you have learned to work with the “scientific tool”. Prove that you can solve a scientific problem.

The topic is rather secondary, – you should prove that you can work with the means and knowledge from the study also this topic. He should show that he can deal systematically with a research question based on scientific literature. To do so, he must present facts and arguments in writing and apply scientific methods and theoretical approaches competently. In principle, this is what a scientific paper is all about: Formulating a question and answering it by proving and refuting theses?


In order not to miss the topic or write down the task, it is very important to first clarify the specific task in order to know what, how and when is required. To clarify:

  • Topic: Can you choose the topic yourself or do you get a topic? What exactly is behind the topic? Does it still have to be specified or limited? And is it even workable under the guidelines?
  • Content requirements: Which content is there?
  • Formal requirements: What should the layout look like? Which citation should be used? Which formal requirements are there?
  • Page size: How many pages should the work have at least and maximum?
  • Literature: Is the literature given or should you research it yourself?
  • Care: What options does the care offer? Is there help with the topic, the research question, the literature search, the preparation and clarification of the structure? Is there a possibility to discuss parts of the work before handing in?
  • Deadline: By when do you have to hand in the work at the latest? To do this, schedule a time buffer!


This is not decided by the student, but by the examiner (s). Even if the student is still so enthusiastic about his work, what counts is “the other side” of it. Therefore, it is helpful to know the evaluation criteria by which scientific papers are assessed. After all, the more scientific work meets these criteria, the better it will be evaluated, and vice versa: the more I offend against it, the worse the work will be graded!

Therefore, we recommend that you pay attention to these aspects when creating your work. From our years of experience, we have developed these ten criteria. The order also shows their importance in grading. Thus, the first criteria decide on the evaluation of your work. But even the last criteria must be implemented positively to get a very good rating.


  • Question: Is the question for the scientific work appropriate to the level? Is she workable? Is it precise? Is a comprehensible way taken to answer this question? Will the answer to this question be critically reflected at the end of the paper?
  • Structure: Does this structure fit the scientific work to the question? Is this structure comprehensible? Is he logical and argumentative? Is there a “red thread” in the structure of the sections and chapters that leads to a scientific answer to the question?
  • Empiricism, theories and methods: Is the appropriate empirical method, theory and method chosen for this question? Is the question, research perspective, empirical analysis, object of the analysis and the method used also epistemologically reflected?
  • Literary use: Does the selection of literature correspond in quality and quantity of the question, the research subject, the theories and the methods, the state-of-the-art of scientific debates and research approaches? Is an independent analysis of the state of research recognizable?
  • Is the literature used argumentatively or is literature randomly listed that has anything to do with the subject? Is the literature up-to-date and does it reflect current research perspectives and research results?

The amount of literature depends on the topic and level of scientific work. As a rule of thumb, you can expect about 1 to 1.5 (sometimes 2) titles per page. Ie. a thesis of 15 pages should have processed between about 15 and about 22 titles, – a dissertation of 150 pages can already list more than 300 titles.

  • Research approach: Is a competent approach to the chosen research approach and method recognizable?
  • Nomenclature: Are the appropriate technical terms used and used correctly?
  • Scientific style: Is the written expression and level appropriate to the level of scientific work? Are the statements and arguments conveyed intelligibly and convincingly?
  • Spelling etc .: Do voices spell, punctuation and grammar, or are there many mistakes? If one suspects that there are weaknesses, one should use a professional proofreading.
  • Formalities: Are the requirements for this scientific work taken into account? Is a citation consistently used? Is it the required citation method? Are font, font size, line spacing etc. correct? Are all cited titles listed in the bibliography? Are all abbreviations in the list of abbreviations? Are all tables and illustrations informatively labeled and listed in the appropriate directories? Are the cover sheet and “Affidavit” (if desired) correct?
  • Originality: Is the processing of the topic or the solution of the question particularly original? Surprise the procedure and the answer found? … one should – even if one is convinced that at no point intentionally “copied” to perform a plagiarism test. So that no suspicion of plagiarism arises accidentally or through a revision.